The following bibliography lists the sources used by NBCRNA item writers to support questions on the Continued Professional Certification Assessment. The sources were selected to fit the  CPCA content outline - effective through 12/31/2020. 

Note that in publishing this list we do not intend to endorse or promote the sale of any particular textbooks.


FY 2021 Approved CPC Assessment References

Barash PG, Cullen BF, Stoelting RK, et al. Clinical Anesthesia. Eighth edition. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; 2017. 

Ehrenwerth J, Eisenkraft J, Berry J. Anesthesia Equipment: Principles and Applications. Second edition. St. Louis: Mosby; 2013. 

Flood P, Rathmell JP, Shafer S. Stoelting's Pharmacology & Physiology in Anesthetic Practice. Fifth edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014. 

Foster SD, Callahan MF. A Professional Study and Resource Guide for the CRNA. Second edition. Park Ridge, IL: American Association of Nurse Anesthetists; 2011. 

Hines RL, Marschall KE. Stoelting’s Anesthesia and Coexisting Disease. Seventh edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2017. 

Miller RD, Cohen NH, Eriksson LI, et al. Miller's Anesthesia (Vols. 1-2). Eighth edition. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2014. 

Nagelhout JJ, Elisha S. Nurse Anesthesia. Sixth edition. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2018. 


Additional Resource

American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. AANA Practice Documents website. Continuously updated. (Cite specific page URL and date accessed)